Generally talking, the founding people in Dada Zurich are believed to-be here.
Hugo Ball (1886 – 1927)
Hugo Ball, a former movie theater manager from Munich, ended up being the initiator associated with the Cabaret Voltaire and therefore automatically, so to speak, the father of the Dadaists. However, he left the activity just a couple of months later on, as he believed that Dadaism ended up being establishing in the wrong way. His preliminary euphoria the new, loud art movement gave way to incomprehension for the – while he described it – increasing nonsense of their Dada colleagues.
Emmy Hennings (1885 – 1948)
Emmy Hennings stumbled on Zurich from Germany with Hugo Ball. She sang chansons and penned her very own poems and books. She left Zurich with Ball to reside in Ticino, where in fact the couple fostered an in depth friendship with Hermann Hesse.
Marcel Janco (1895 – 1984)
Marcel Janco (remaining) found Zurich from Romania to analyze structure in the Swiss Federal university of Technology (ETH). He quickly became familiar with Hugo Ball and Emmy Hennings, and co-founded Dada together. He exhibited their photos during the Cabaret Voltaire and as well as Tristan Tzara and Richard Huelsenbeck performed simultaneous poems in German, French and English, ideal known that is “L’amiral cherche und maison à louer”.
Tristan Tzara (1896 – 1963)
Tristan Tzara (left), whose genuine name had been Samuel Rosenstock, came to Zurich from Romania, the same as Marcel Janco. He rapidly became perhaps one of the most essential supporters and promoters of Dadaism. He penned for Dada journals making the activity known in France, Berlin and ny by way of shrewd marketing promotions.
Richard Huelsenbeck (1892 – 1974)
Richard Huelsenbeck typed the famous Dada Manifest, that was signed in 1918 because of the almost all the action’s protagonists and which talked out clearly against Expressionism. Since the Dada chronicler, he founded a Dada faction in Berlin together with George Grosz, Raoul Hausmann and others.
Hans (Jean) Arp (1886 – 1966)
Hans (Jean) Arp studied within Kunstschule in Weimar, Germany, before settling in Weggis, Switzerland, with his parent. He was friends with Wassily Kandinsky and incredibly near the “Der Blaue Reiter” team. While carrying out an assignment for Tristan Tzara, he surely got to know Hugo Ball, Emmy Hennings, Marcel Janco and Richard Huelsenbeck and founded the Dada movement together with them.
Sophie Taeuber-Arp (1889 – 1943)
Sophie Taeuber-Arp found her option to the Cabaret Voltaire through Hans Arp. After attending Rudolf von Laban’s class of Dance and spending a few summers staying in a musician colony regarding Monte Verità in Ascona, she taught textile art in the Zurich Kunstgewerbeschule. She performed cubist dances on Cabaret Voltaire. In her own look for brand-new art kinds and materials, she developed the very first useful and tangible pieces of art, and it is thought to be the precursor of the category. Nowadays, her portrait features regarding 50 Swiss franc banknote.