Freud and Surrealism


And eroticism

Negative role when you look at the dissemination of Freudian a few ideas sounds instead blunt or normative, however it is a question I wish to present less to guage Surrealism by wanting to capture it in its distortions and blind places rather than test the quality and relevance associated with the “compromise formations” which have been manufactured in amount during procedure for globalisation by which Freud’s concepts have gone much more than a century. This domain is huge, but gladly the axis connecting Freud to Breton was investigated, while exemplary essays were recently dedicated to the Lacan-Dalí link. Preferred tradition seems to have adopted Surrealism and Freudianism with similarly warping hyperboles. If the jocular “this can be hysterical!” could be blamed more on Charcot than on Freud, the term “that is Surrealistic” usually rings as quasi-equivalent to “this really is Freudian.” Beyond a surprising or shocking façade, one needs some readability, plus if you don’t straight away heavy-handed intimate symbols, at least the suggestion that a carefully organized thematic condition are recomposed formally so as to advise the hidden logic of dream pictures. In a telling fashion, the 1998 convention on “Freud, Conflict and customs” attached by the Library of Congress, after intense controversy, made most of its screen of audio-visual papers; beyond illegible manuscripts in Gothic script and disappointing realia — such as for example a few bands or Freud’s chair floating floating around — these well chosen movies excerpts mostly from Hollywood classics made the strong point that Freudianism, although contested, survives because of a favorite tradition which it’s actually formed and permeated. Maybe, after that, the same may hold real of Surrealism. It would appear that its final general public flowering on a big scale had been linked to the counter-culture of the 1960s. In France, specifically with might 1968, Surrealism colored a juvenile rebellion creatively much more than a good way. Possibly the hindsight afforded if we have actually stepped more boldly into this still new century will show that these cultural phenomena converge without completely meeting or that they follow a minimally curving parallax.

Breton and Freud had been from the beginning involved with a waltz of avoidance and a tango of misconceptions. These missteps nonetheless disclose a much deeper equilibrium, while Lacan and Dalí, apparently the best of buddies until rather late, flaunted ideological overlappings in order to conceal a deeper rift. 1st missed encounter between Freudianism and Surrealism was from the marketing of ideas particularly psychic automatism, unconscious dictation, the “over-determination” of dream photos (Freud’s crucial Ueberdeterminierung) and also, maybe more importantly, hysteria taken as a creative manifestation. The 2nd encounter marketing the concept of paranoia appears to have been a far more effective endeavor. By narrowing the historical focus on the 1920s and early 1930s, it’s possible to observe how instantly the surrealist principle of Hysteria was transformed into a Surrealist concept of Paranoia.